L O Didier Je n'ai rien trouvé en français alors voici en langue " Shakespeare " HMS Aurora 1913 HMS Aurora (1913)
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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Aurora and HMCS Aurora.
HMS Aurora in 1918
|Class and type:||Arethusa class light cruiser|
|Laid down:||24 October 1912|
|Launched:||30 September 1913|
|Fate:||Sold to Canada|
|Operator:||Royal Canadian Navy|
|Commissioned:||1 November 1920|
|Reclassified:||Paid off in 1921 and disarmed in 1922|
|Fate:||Sold for scrap, August 1927|
|Length:||436 ft (133 m) overall|
|Beam:||39 ft (12 m)|
|Draught:||13.5 ft (4.1 m)|
Eight Yarrow boilers
|Speed:||28.5 knots (53 km/h)|
|Range:||carried 482 tons (810 tons maximum) of fuel oil|
|Armament:||2 × BL 6-inch (152.4 mm) Mk XII guns|
6 × QF 4 inch Mk V guns
2 × 3 inch guns
8 × 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes
|Armour:||3 inch side (amidships)|
2¼-1½ inch side (bows)
2½ - 2 inch side (stern)
1 inch upper decks (amidships)
1 inch deck over rudder
6 inch conning tower
was an Arethusa
-class light cruiser launched on 30 September 1913 at Devonport Dockyard.
Construction started in 1912 and she was commissioned into the Royal Navy and saw service as part of the Grand Fleet from 1914 to 1915, as leader of the 1st Destroyer Flotilla. In 1915, Aurora
was assigned as leader of the 10th Destroyer flotilla of the Harwich Force, guarding the eastern approaches to the English Channel.
Mines ready for release, seen along the port side at Aurora's stern and screened by canvas, during World War I
Her experienced crew and durability made her a natural choice as a Flagship during many offensive operations throughout the course of the First World War. She was the first Royal Navy warship in action at Battle of Dogger Bank (1915). In August 1915 she took part in sinking of the German raider Meteor
. In 1918 she was again reassigned, to the 7th Light Cruiser Squadron of the Grand Fleet and HMS Aurora
was one of the ships present at the surrender of the German High Seas Fleet, in November 1918.
Between 1918 and 1920, HMS Aurora
was decommissioned in order to relieve financial pressures of the Home Fleet by the Admiralty. Her manning was reduced to a custodian crew and the relieved personnel were sent to other units.
In 1920 she was re-activated in order to outfit her for transfer to the Royal Canadian Navy. The RCN took possession of her on 1 November, 1920 and renamed her HMCS Aurora
. She sailed shortly afterward from the United Kingdom for Halifax, Nova Scotia, arriving on 21 December with two ex-Royal Navy destroyers that had also been transferred to the RCN.
After a minimal time in port at HMC Dockyard, the three ships set out for a training cruise via the Caribbean to Esquimalt, British Columbia. HMCS Aurora
returned to Halifax on 30 July 1921 via the same route.
In August 1921, drastic budget cuts resulted in the decommissioning of HMCS Aurora
. She was immediately Paid Off,
and in 1922 she was disarmed. Her weapons were placed ashore in
training facilities and on other active ships. Her crew was reduced to
non-manned, much of her up-to-date equipment was salvaged for use in
other RCN warships. The Aurora's
hulk was left alongside a jetty
at the RCN base in Halifax until 1927 when her deterioration resulted in
city officials demanding the RCN move her. The RCN immediately sold her
for scrap, and she was broken up. Commanding officers
- Captain H.G.H. Adams, CBE, (RN): 1 November 1920 - 1 July 1922
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Jane's Fighting Ships of World War One (1919), Jane's Publishing Company
- Ships of the Arethusa class
- Macpherson, Keneth R. and Burgess, John. (1982)(Second Printing) The
Ships of Canada's Naval Forces 1910-1981. Collins Publishers. ISBN 0-00-216856-1
Royal Canadian Navy
- Preceded by: Town class
- Followed by: C class
- List of cruisers of the Royal Navy
- List of cruisers of the Royal Canadian Navy
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- Arethusa class cruisers (1913) of the Royal Navy
- 1913 ships
- World War I cruisers of the United Kingdom
- Arethusa class cruisers (1913) of the Royal Canadian Navy
- Plymouth-built ships
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